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Location

Location

Belgrade is located in South-eastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula, at the crossroads of Eastern and Western Europe.
The city lies upon the Danube River, the aquatic route connecting the countries of Western and Middle Europe to the countries of the South-eastern and Eastern Europe. Its harbour is visited by ships from the Black Sea, and with the deployment of the Rhine-Main-Danube channel it found itself at the centre of the most important aquatic route in Europe: Northern Sea – Atlantic – Black Sea. Due to its position it was rightfully named “Gates of the Balkans” and the “Doors of Middle Europe”.
The coordinates of Belgrade are marked in the centre of the city (in Knez Mihailova Street): 44°49’14" of geographic latitude north, 20°27’44" of geographic longitude east and 116.75 m above sea level.
The area around Belgrade consists of two different environments: the Pannonian plain to the north and Šumadija to the south. The Kosmaj (628 m) and Avala (511 m) mountains are near Belgrade. The length of riverbanks is 200 km, with 16 river islands, the largest being Ada Ciganlija and the Great War Island.

History
History

Belgrade is a city with a tumultuous, but also frequently tragic past, primarily due to its unique position at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, on the border between the East and the West.DOWNLOADen_antique_singidunum.pdfRoads run through it and around it, used by invading warrior peoples conquering and destroying this city, rebuilding it and adding to it over and over.Belgrade has been permanently settled since the mid Neolithic period, the time when its area played host to the Vincian culture, more than 4,000 years B.C.E.The Greeks came later, followed by the Romans who pushed...

Climate
Climate

The climate in Belgrade is moderate continental, with four seasons. Autumn lasts longer than spring, with longer sunny and warm periods.The two weeks of belated summer in October, particularly enjoyed by Belgraders, are called St. Martin’s Summer (“miholjsko leto”). The winters are not particularly harsh. There are 21 days on average with temperatures below zero degrees centigrade during the winter. January is the coldest month, with average temperatures of 0.4 °C. Springs are brief and rainy, with summer arriving suddenly. The hottest months are July (21.7 °C) and...

Language
Language

The official language of Serbia is Serbian, member of the group of south Slavic languages.The Cyrillic script is in official use, while the Latin script is also widely used, since both are taught in schools. The Cyrillic of Serbian has 30 letters – one letter per each phoneme, making it unique among scripts.The language and scripts of national minorities are in official use in areas with minority populations. Foreigners are recommended to use English for communication, while German, French and Russian are present to a lesser extent. Those curious and hungry for new discoveries might wish...