The Pioneer Park is located in the very heart of the city.
The field where the park is located was a barren and swampy environment during the early 19th century, covered in bulrush. The grounds were purchased by one of the more prominent persons in Serbia at the end of the eighteen-thirties, Stojan Simić, who constructed the house later to be named the Old Residence. It was sold thereafter, along with the gardens, to the state, to be repurposed as the court of Prince Alexander Karageorgevich.
The New Court was erected during the early decades of the 20th century, based on the designs of the architect Stojan Titelbah and it currently houses the Cabinet of the President of Serbia. During the mid-19th century the space before the Old Residence was a park, with planted trees. The appearance of the garden changed in time. At first it was arranged in the style of the wealthier Serbian houses, with tall rose bushes. Subsequently it was altered more in line with the European style, with alleys of colourful flowers forming geometric patterns.
The fences were removed and the fountain was buried after World War II, as part of the communal works in the city, and the listed facilities and court garden were opened to the public. The name was also changed, becoming Pioneer Park. The approximate original appearance of the garden was recently reconstructed in the space between the two palaces, with the fountain as the central motif.