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Monument to Karadjordje
Monument to Karadjordje

Author: Sreten Stojanović (Plateau in front of the building of the National Library of Serbia; erected in 1979)

A bronze sculpture, 320 cm in height and dominating the environment, was set up on a hill on a plateau in front of the National Library and the Temple of St. Sava, in memory of Đorđe Petrović – Karageorge.

Đorđe Petrović (1768-1817, leader of the First Serbian Uprising). The Turks called him Karageorge – Black George. Once a shepherd in Šumadija, then a village cattle trader. Spent his youth resisting Turkish violence, first as a hajduk, then as a brave warrior in a platoon of volunteers (freikorps) of Captain Radić Petrović during the Austro-Turkish war of 1788-1791.

Left for the hajduks upon the return of the Janissaries to Belgrade and started preparing larger scale resistance with other notable persons. Chosen to be the leader of the uprising at the assembly in Orašac in 1804. Linked the insurgent Serbia with Austria and Russia and initiated hostilities with Turkey.

Lead the battles for the liberation of Belgrade in 1806. Moved to Austria and Russia after the uprising in 1813. Returned to Serbia in 1817, only to be assassinated on orders by Prince Miloš Obrenović.

Monument to the Liberators of Belgrade 1806. (Karadjordje’s Park)
Monument to the Liberators of Belgrade 1806.  (Karadjordje’s Park)

The oldest of the public monuments in Belgrade was erected in 1848 by Prince Alexander Karageorgevich in memory of the liberators of Belgrade from the First Serbian Uprising. It was reconstructed in 1889 by King Aleksandar Obrenović....

Monument to the Unknown Hero
Monument to the Unknown Hero

Author: Ivan Meštrović (on Avala; erected in 1938.) Monuments to unknown heroes were erected in all allied countries during the years after World War I, and Yugoslavia joined in this endeavour. The monument was built for four years and it holds the remains of an unknown hero. It is shaped like a sarcophagus on a plinth with six steps. Caryatids line the sides, symbolizing an honour guard....

Monument to Prince Mihailo Obrenovic
Monument to Prince Mihailo Obrenovic

Author: Enrico Pazzi (Republic Square; erected in 1882) Mihailo Obrenović (1823-1868, Prince of Serbia). The son of Prince Miloš and Princess Ljubica, he first came into power following the death of his elder brother Milan (1839). The sultan confirmed him to be an elected, but not a hereditary prince. Toma Vučić initiated an uprising in August 1842 and forced him into exile, bringing Alexander Karageorgevich to the throne. He spent six years outside the country and during this time assisted many Serbs working in literature (Vuk Karadžić, Đura Daničić, Branko Radičević and...