Since its foundation in 1965, the Museum of Contemporary Art has based its display policy on the representation of the most relevant artists, periods, movements and tendencies in Yugoslav, Serbian and international art of the 20th century. The Museum collection began to form around the time of the establishment of the Modern Gallery and at the opening of the Museum, the collection counted 3.500 works of art. Today the fund consists of 8.000 works and represents the most relevant collection of art from the Yugoslav art space, which existed from 1900 to 1991.
The Building of the Museum of Contemporary Art is situated in New Belgrade, on the left bank of the Sava River, across the Belgrade Fortress. Its unique concept of the interior design, as well as its link to the surroundings represent an original solution which meets museological requirements and an interesting example of museum architecture worldwide. It is surrounded by a sculpture park with works by the most significant Yugoslav sculptors of the 20th century. The Museum’s Building has been declared a cultural property of national interest in 1987. and is under the protection of Republic Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments.