The Museum of Natural History was founded in 1895 under the name “Jestastvenički muzej“, as the first specialized institution dealing with the natural heritage of the nation. The first exhibit was opened in 1904.
A temporary location houses the natural and cultural heritage in 117 naturalist collections, with approximately 1,500,000 various items from Serbia, the Balkan Peninsula, and the world. The mineralogical, petrological, fossil and recent mollusc, insect, bird and mammal collections stand out regarding the number of items, along with the General Herbarium of the Balkan Peninsula.
The Museum of Natural History does not have a permanent exhibit. Exhibitions are presented in the Gallery of the Museum of Natural History.